The 'true' bugs are members of the insect order Hemiptera. There are around 2,000 species in the UK: most are terrestrial but some are fully aquatic. Bugs all have a mouthparts adapted for piercing and sucking through a hollow,needle-like appendage. Most feed on plant fluids but some are carnivorous feeding mainly on other insects. The order includes a broad diversity, including the large and colourful Shieldbugs, numerous Plant Bugs, Aphids and aquatic species such as Pond Skaters.

Leicestershire and Rutland Resources

LESOPS 27 - A Two Year Study of Water Bugs at Priory Water, Leicestershire - Tony Cook, Frank Clark

Useful Websites and Publications


The British Bugs web site is one of the best of all wildlife guides. Highly recommended.

UK Shield Bugs Yahoo Forum - it is free to join then you can access the photo library and ask for identification help.

Identifying common British aphids - very useful photo guide with excellent ID information.

Video: Introduction to UK True Bugs from The Tanyptera Project.


Adult Water Bugs - a detailed key with line drawings. Published by the Freshwater Biological Association.

If you know of other websites or books that you would recommend, do let us know: info@naturespot.co.uk

Recording Schemes

As with all records, any submissions you make to NatureSpot will be automatically forwarded to both local and national recording schemes.

Visit our County Recorders page to find out who is the CR in VC55 (Leicestershire and Rutland).