Vervain - Verbena officinalis


    Growing 60 to 150 cm tall. Leaves up to 10 × 8 cm, ovate in outline, deeply pinnatifidly lobed, roughly hairy above, more softly hairy below; margin of the ultimate segments dentate. Leaves higher up the stems often linear lanceolate; margin sparsely toothed or subentire. Flowers in numerous terminal spikes, elongating up to 26 cm, most parts glandular hairy. Corolla lilac, mauve, magenta, purple, violet or blue, hairless. Fruits c. 2 mm long, 3-4-striate, minutely tuberculate.

    Identification difficulty

    Bare ground, grassland, roadsides and wasteland.

    When to see it

    In flower during July, August and September.

    Life History


    UK Status

    Widespread but infrequent in the southern half of Britain, scarce elsewhere.

    VC55 Status

    Rare in Leicestershire and Rutland. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was only found in 1 of the 617 tetrads.

    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map