Alexanders - Smyrnium olusatrum

Description

Pungent hairless plant reaching over one metre in height. Stems stout, becoming hollow when old. Upper branches usually opposite. Flowers yellowish in dense umbels without sepals.

Identification difficulty
Recording advice

Photograph of the plant in habitat

Habitat

Hedge-banks, woodland margins and roadsides. Often seen near the sea.

When to see it

April to June.

Life History

Biennial.

UK Status

Fairly common near to the coast in England and Wales it is now spreading inland, probably aided by heavy salting of roads which seems to reproduce coastal conditions on the roadside verges.

VC55 Status

Becoming more common in Leicestershire and Rutland especially near to well salted roads. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in only 4 of the 617 tetrads.

In the current Checklist (Jeeves, 2011) it is listed as Alien (archaeophyte); rare but locally frequent where it occurs

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Leicestershire & Rutland Map

MAP KEY:

Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map