Austrian Chamomile - Anthemis austriaca

    Alt Name
    Cota austriaca
    Description

    In common with other mayweeds, this chamomile has a daisy like compound flower head and leaves that are finely divided although in this species the leaves are slightly more robust than in our more common mayweeds, they are also neat and uniform in appearance. It can easily be mistaken for the very similar Anthemis arvensis; however, on closer examination it can be identified by its neater, more regularly lobed leaflets and by the scales present on the back of the flower head. In Anthemis arvensis these remain pliable as the flower dies and the seeds ripen but in this species they stiffen giving the seed head a slightly prickly feel.

    Similar Species

    Scentless Mayweed (Tripleurospermum inodorum), Scented Mayweed (Matricaria chamomilla) and other Chamomiles (Anthemis and Chamaemelum nobile)

    Identification difficulty
    ID guidance

    There are two very common and similar white daisy of waste ground and arable margins - Scentless Mayweed (Tripleurospermum inodorum) and Scented Mayweed (Matricaria chamomilla).  They don't have scales on the receptacle, unlike Austrian Chamomile and other chamomiles, which have scales among the yellow florets on the receptacle.  Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile), Corn Chamomile (Anthemis arvensis) and Stinking Chamomile (Anthemis cotula) have all been recorded in VC55, but are scarce or very rare.

    Recording advice

    The County Recorder has asked for a specimen of this plant to be retained for verification

    Habitat

    This species found its way into wild flower mixtures and will usually be found in sown areas.

    When to see it

    Flowering occurs from early June into late September.

    Life History

    Annual.

    UK Status

    Few British records for this species at present, although that is likely to change due to its use in wild flower mixtures.

    VC55 Status

    Still an uncommon species in Leicestershire and Rutland although this may change with the use of seed mixes. It was first recorded in VC55 at Watermead in 2009.

    In the current checklist (Jeeves, 2011) it is listed as Alien (Casual); rare

    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    UK Map