Bifid Hemp-nettle - Galeopsis bifida

Description

Short to medium plant stem with conspicuous dense spreading hairs and swollen at the leaf-junctions. Flower 12 to 15 mm long the lowest lobe of the flower is clearly notched, somewhat convex. Usually white with extensive purplish markings on lower lip. Hybridises with G. tetrahit, making definite identification of this species difficult.

Similar Species

Galeopsis tetrahit, the common hemp-nettle

Identification difficulty
ID guidance

The lower lip very definitely notched and with extensive darker markings close to margin of lip; lower lip convex with turned down (revolute) sides

Recording advice

Photographs of flower showing details of lower lip

Habitat

Cultivated or recently disturbed ground.

When to see it

July to October.

Life History

Annual.

UK Status

Found throughout Britain but less common than Galeopsis tetrahit.

VC55 Status

Scarce, but probably overlooked, in Leicestershire and Rutland. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in 26 of the 617 tetrads.

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Leicestershire & Rutland Map

MAP KEY:

Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map