Broad-leaved Willowherb - Epilobium montanum


    Short to medium plant with a rounded stem. Leaves all opposite, the upper alternate, oval, usually toothed, and very short stalked. Flowers purplish pink, 6 to 12 mm, in lax racemes, the petals notched. Stigma four lobed.

    Similar Species

    A species on the VC55 Rare Plant Register, E lanceolatum, also has 4-lobed stigma and is similar, but with narrow leaves gradually narrowing to the petiole.  Epilobium commonly hybridise, and specimens that do not meet all the characteristic of E montanum may be hybrids.

    Identification difficulty
    Recording advice

    Photos showing 4-lobed stigma and leaf-shape are needed


    Waste places, pathways and cultivated ground.

    When to see it

    May to August.

    Life History


    UK Status

    Common and widespread throughout Britain.

    VC55 Status

    Common in Leicestershire and Rutland. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in 431 of the 617 tetrads.

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    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map