Common Figwort - Scrophularia nodosa

Alternative names

Medium to tall hairless plant. Stems square but without pronounced wings. Leaves ovate, acute and toothed. Flowers greenish with a purple brown upper lip.

Similar Species

Water Figwort (S auriculata) and Green Figwort (S umbrosa)

Identification difficulty
ID guidance

Square stems, not winged.  Leaves acute. Calyx-lobes have a narrow scarious border (i.e. a thin papery whitish edge)

Recording advice

A photo of whole plant, including leaves as well as flowers.


Hedgerows and woodland preferring damper places.

When to see it

Flowering June to September.

Life History


UK Status

Quite frequent and widespread throughout most of Britain.

VC55 Status

Fairly frequent in Leicestershire and Rutland. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in 152 of the 617 tetrads.

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Leicestershire & Rutland Map


Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map