Common Hemp-nettle - Galeopsis tetrahit


Short to medium roughly hairy plant. Stems well branched, swollen at the nodes. Hairy on opposite sides. Flowers pinkish purple with darker markings, rarely yellowish or whitish 15 to 20 mm long, the middle lobe of the lower lip not notched.

Similar Species

Galeopsis bifida, the Bifid Hemp-nettle

Identification difficulty
ID guidance

Lower lip is entire or very slightly notched; any dark lines, blotches and markings on lower lip fall short of the margins; lip more or less flat, not convex

Recording advice

Photo of flower showing lower lip


Arable land, roadside verges.

When to see it

July to October.

Life History


UK Status

Frequent throughout Britain.

VC55 Status

Frequent in Leicestershire and Rutland. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in 199 of the 617 tetrads.

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Leicestershire & Rutland Map


Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map