Dwarf Spurge - Euphorbia exigua


A small plant 5 to 20 cm high with stems much branched from base and containing latex. The flowers are green.

Similar Species

A similar size to Petty Spurge (E peplus)

Identification difficulty
ID guidance

Glabrous plant, with flowers are similar to Petty Spurge; glands on the cyathium (the cup shaped structure that bears the male and female flowers) are concave on the outer edge, with two points.  Leaves linear to narrowly oblong.  

Recording advice

A photo of the plant in habitat with details of the flowers


On arable land often in limestone areas, less frequently occurring in other areas of disturbed ground such as gardens, waste ground and bare patches in dry grassland.

When to see it

In flower from June to October.

Life History


UK Status

Widespread and fairly frequent, although often local in England and Wales and possibly declining.

VC55 Status

Now only occasional and rather local in Leicestershire and Rutland. It is mainly found in the limestone areas of East Rutland. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in 103 of the 617 tetrads.

In the current checklist (Jeeves, 2011) it is listed as Alien (archaeophyte); now nearly scarce.

It is on the VC55 Rare Plant Register

be our species champion

Leicestershire & Rutland Map


Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map