Dwarf Spurge - Euphorbia exigua

    Description

    A small plant 5 to 20 cm high with stems much branched from base and containing latex. The flowers are green.

    Similar Species

    A similar size to Petty Spurge (E peplus)

    Identification difficulty
    ID guidance

    Glabrous plant, with flowers are similar to Petty Spurge; glands on the cyathium (the cup shaped structure that bears the male and female flowers) are concave on the outer edge, with two points.  Leaves linear to narrowly oblong.  

    Recording advice

    A photo of the plant in habitat with details of the flowers

    Habitat

    On arable land often in limestone areas, less frequently occurring in other areas of disturbed ground such as gardens, waste ground and bare patches in dry grassland.

    When to see it

    In flower from June to October.

    Life History

    Annual.

    UK Status

    Widespread and fairly frequent, although often local in England and Wales and possibly declining.

    VC55 Status

    Now only occasional and rather local in Leicestershire and Rutland. It is mainly found in the limestone areas of East Rutland. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in 103 of the 617 tetrads.

    In the current checklist (Jeeves, 2011) it is listed as Alien (archaeophyte); now nearly scarce.

    It is on the VC55 Rare Plant Register

    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    UK Map