Goldeneye - Bucephala clangula

    Description

    A medium sized diving duck. Males look black and white with a greenish black head and a circular white patch in front of the yellow eye. Females are smaller, and are mottled grey with a chocolate brown head. In flight, birds show a large area of white on the inner wing.

    Identification difficulty
    Habitat

    In summer, mainly in Highlands of Scotland. Best looked for in winter on lakes, large rivers and sheltered coasts, particularly in the north and west of Britain.

    When to see it

    Summer in the Highlands of Scotland for breeding birds; wintering birds arrive from August to December and return north in February and March.

    Life History

    First nested in Scotland in 1970, and since then birds have been attracted to nest in specially designed boxes put up on trees close to water. In winter, birds from northern Europe visit the UK.

    UK Status

    Widespread in the UK, but more common in the winter

    VC55 Status

    Scarce in Leicestershire and Rutland during the summer, more common through the winter here.

    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    UK Map