Green Hellebore - Helleborus viridis

    Alternative names

    Green Hellebore grows to 40cm with clusters of yellow-green flowers of 3 to 5cm in diameter. The flowers appear just before the leaves. The palmate, toothed leaves are dark green and tough.  The fruits (follicles) are fused for c. a quarter of their length and are sessile.

    Similar Species

    other Hellebores. H orientalis sensu lato is very similar but with larger flowers, in various colours, and with shortly-stalked fruits (follicles) that are free and not fused to the base.

    Identification difficulty
    ID guidance

    Check the fruits (follicles) - sessile and partly fused -  and flower size - 3-5cm.

    Recording advice

    Unless identified by a recognised expert, a photo is required showing the flowering plants in its habitat, with details of fruits and flower-size. If the photo doesn't show the key ID features then in the comments box describe the size and identifying characters you have observed.


    Prefers rather shady habitats, usually on chalk or limestone, found in woodland glades, rocky dingles and old hedge banks. As well as our native populations, it often occurs as an escape or introduction from cultivation.

    When to see it

    Flowering between February and May.

    Life History

    Perennial herb. Populations are often small, but persist over many years without obvious changes in numbers.

    UK Status

    Believed to be native in Southern England and Wales, but introduced plants grow as far north as central Scotland.

    VC55 Status

    Rarely recorded in Leicestershire and Rutland.

    In the current checklist (Jeeves, 2011) it is listed as alien (neophyte); woodland; rare

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    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map