Hard Rush - Juncus inflexus


This is one of commonest rushes, up to 1m tall, with short matted rhizomes and large tufts of stiffly erect grey-green stems, each with 12 to 18 prominent longitudinal ridges outside, and an interrupted spongy pith inside. Inflorescence apparently lateral, very loosely branched.

Similar Species

other Juncus

Identification difficulty
ID guidance

Grey-green stiff, wiry stems, narrower than soft rush or conglomerate rush, stems strongly grooved and ridged 

Recording advice

Photo showing plant in its habitat, and detailed photo greyish, narrow, ridged stem


Damp grassland and marshy areas.

When to see it

June to August.

Life History


UK Status

Generally quite common in England and Wales becoming much rarer in northern Scotland.

VC55 Status

Very common in Leicestershire and Rutland. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in 576 of the 617 tetrads.

Leicestershire & Rutland Map


Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map

Species profile

Common names
Hard Rush
Species group:
Grasses, Rushes & Sedges
Records on NatureSpot:
First record:
01/01/1979 (Patricia Evans)
Last record:
10/10/2023 (Nicholls, David)

Total records by month

% of records within its species group

10km squares with records

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