Horse-chestnut - Aesculus hippocastanum

    Alt Name
    Horse Chestnut

    Large tree to 25 metres. Buds large, deep brown and sticky. Leaves pinnate with 5 to 7 leaflets, coarse toothed. Flowers white each of the 4 petals with a yellow or pink blotch at the base 9 to 11 mm in large erect conical panicles. Fruit globose up to 6 cm yellowish green when ripe, spiny splitting to reveal 1 or 2 shiny brown seeds (conkers).

    Identification difficulty

    Open wooded areas.

    When to see it

    May and June.

    Life History


    UK Status

    Common in Britain though slightly less so in Scotland

    VC55 Status

    Quite common in Leicestershire and Rutland. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in 417 of the 617 tetrads.

    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    Map key:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)

    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records

    • RED = 2020+
    • DARK BLUE = 2015-2019
    • LIGHT BLUE = pre 2015


    UK Map