Marsh Valerian - Valeriana dioica


Short to medium height plant usually with several erect stems, slightly hairy at the nodes. Stem leaves pinnately lobed, mostly unstalked. Flowers pink, occasionally white, 2 to 4 mm in rounded clusters.

Similar Species

Common Valerian

Identification difficulty
ID guidance

Stoloniferous. Basal and stolon leaves are simple and entire; stem leaves pinnate with several lateral leaflets. 

Recording advice

Photographs must show basal and stem leaves as well as flowers - this plant can't be verified from a picture of the flowers alone (RPR)


Wet places, on calcareous or slightly acid soils.

When to see it

May to July.

Life History


UK Status

Widespread in Britain as far north as the Firth of Forth.

VC55 Status

Scarce in Leicestershire and Rutland, and declining due to habitat-loss.

In the Flora of Leicestershire (Primavesi and Evans 1988) it was found in 23 of the 617 tetrads, and in 9 tetrads in the Flora of Rutland (Messenger 1971).

In the VC55 checklist, (Jeeves 2011) it is listed as Native, marshes, now scarce.

It is listed on the current VC55 Rare Plant Register (Hall and Woodward 2022) as Locally Scarce (i.e. present in 4-10 sites)


Leicestershire & Rutland Map


Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map

Species profile

Common names
Marsh Valerian
Species group:
Records on NatureSpot:
First record:
18/05/2012 (Nicholls, David)
Last record:
14/06/2018 (Nicholls, David)

Total records by month

% of records within its species group

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