Massalongia rubra

    Alternative names
    Massalongia ruber
    Description

    The gall midge Massalongia rubra galls the leaves of Birch (Betula). The gall takes the form of an elongated woody swelling along the midrib of a normally expanded leaf. The gall may be up to 10 mm in length. It may also affect the petiole or extend into the bases of lateral veins. It is most prominent on the underside of leaves and starts of green in colour becoming red-purple and then brown.

    Identification difficulty
    Habitat

    Where Birch (Betula) is present.

    When to see it

    Galls can be seen when Birch (Betula) is in leaf.

    Life History

    The midge larvae are white or yellowish when young red when mature.

    UK Status

    Not well recorded but seems to be quite widespread in England and Wales.

    VC55 Status

    Status in Leicestershire and Rutland not known.

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    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map