Mottled Umber - Erannis defoliaria

    Description

    Wingspan 30-40 mm. A variable species, with some strongly-banded individuals, others plain brownish with darker speckling. The females are completely wingless.

    Identification difficulty
    Habitat

    It can be found in woodland, scrub, hedgerows, grassland and various other habitats.

    When to see it

    The flight period is late in the year, from October into December.

    Life History

    Larva, formerly considered a pest, feeds on various broad-leaved trees and shrubs, including Oak, Birch, Hazel, Hawthorn, Blackthorn, Apple, Dog-rose, Sycamore, Hornbeam and Elm, overwintering as an egg.

    UK Status

    It is distributed commonly over most of Britain, especially so in the south. In a recent survey to determine the status of all macro moths in Britain this species was classified as common.

    VC55 Status

    Fairly frequent but not common in Leicestershire and Rutland. L&R Moth Group status = B (scarce resident or restricted distribution or regular migrant)

    Reference
    70.256 BF1935

    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map