Nodding Bur-marigold - Bidens cernua

    Description

    Short to tall plant with erect stems. Leaves opposite, linear lanceolate to lanceolate, toothed and unstalked. Flowerheads yellow, 15 to 25 mm, nodding, with or without rays. Outer flowers bracts 5 to 8, leaf like, the inner with dark streaks.

    Similar Species

    Bidens tripartita and Bidens frondosa; other Bidens are known to be naturalised in Britain and may turn up.  Identification is tricky and the key in Stace (4th edition) should be referred to; details of leaf and leaflet shape, and the shape of the achenes, is usually needed. 

    Identification difficulty
    ID guidance

    Leaves tapered to base, but sessile; leaves not lobed, although serrated; achenes flattened with backward directed barbs. 

    Recording advice

    A photograph showing leaves as well as flowers; this species can't be verified from a photo just of he flowers

    Habitat

    Moist habitats. Margins of ponds, lakes, rivers and canals.

    When to see it

    Flowering July to September.

    Life History

    Annual.

    UK Status

    Scattered throughout much of Britain though scarce in the south west.

    VC55 Status

    Quite scarce in Leicestershire and Rutland. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in 12 of the 617 tetrads.

    In the current checklist (Jeeves 2011) it is listed as scarce. 

    It is on the VC55 Rare Plant Register

    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    UK Map