Philodromus dispar

Description

Philodromus dispar is a type of crab spider and is about 5 mm long. The male is black or dark brown with white edges, the female more beige in colour.

Similar Species

Whilst the male is distinctive, the female can look very similar to P. cespitum.

Identification difficulty
Recording advice

Mature males are distinctive but confirmation of females: "Requires examination at high magnification in good lighting, typically examination of the genitalia." Bee, L., Oxford, G., & Smith, H. (2020). Britain's Spiders: A Field Guide. Second Edition. Princeton University Press.

Habitat

Various habitats in search of prey, but often near to houses.

When to see it

Best time to see this spider is from spring through to autumn.

Life History

An agile hunter of small flies and other insects, it does not build a web. The females lay their eggs in a cocoon attached to leaves. They guard the eggs until autumn when the young spiders hatch. The spider overwinters in the bark of dead trees.

UK Status

Fairly frequent and widespread in England and Wales.

VC55 Status

Fairly frequent in Leicestershire and Rutland.

Further Information

2953 British records to Jan 2013

Leicestershire & Rutland Map

MAP KEY:

Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map