Phyllonorycter messaniella

    Alternative names
    Garden Midget

    Wingspan 7 to 9 mm. The leaf mines caused by the larvae are usually found on the underside and have a typical 'tented' appearance with a crease line across the surface.

    Identification difficulty

    Adult Leafmine if on Holm Oak otherwise needs to be reared through.

    ID guidance

    Leafmine occurs on Holm Oak (but also on other Oak species, Hornbeam, Beech and Sweet Chestnut).


    Wherever the larval foodplants occur.

    When to see it

    The adult moths occur in a number of generations, any time between April and November.

    Life History

    The larvae mine the leaves of Oak, Hornbeam, Beech or Sweet Chestnut, and sometimes on other tree species. The mines can be seen during March and April and again July to October.

    UK Status

    Fairly common throughout much of the British Isles, though more so in the south. In the Butterfly Conservation's Microlepidoptera Report 2011 this species was classified as common.

    VC55 Status

    Occasional in Leicestershire and Rutland. L&R Moth Group status = C (very scarce resident or rare migrant).

    15.040 BF321

    be our species champion

    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map