Phyllonorycter ulmifoliella

    Alternative names
    Red Birch Midget

    Wingspan 7 to 9 mm. Similar to other members of the family. The wings are brown with white markings edged in black.

    Identification difficulty

    Adult Leafmine


    This species can be found almost anywhere where the foodplant, Birch (Betula) is present.

    When to see it

    There are two generations with adults flying in May and again in August.

    Life History

    As a larva, the species forms a blotch mine on the underside of a Birch leaf, often quite small, but puckering the leaf noticeably. The larvae are present in July, and more commonly in September and October.

    UK Status

    Widespread and fairly common throughout the British Isles. In the Butterfly Conservation's Microlepidoptera Report 2011 this species was classified as common.

    VC55 Status

    It appears to be uncommon in Leicestershire and Rutland, where there are few records. L&R Moth Group status = D (rare or rarely recorded).

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    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map