Rustic Wolf Spider - Trochosa ruricola

Description

The females are 15 mm (sometimes even bigger) and the males are 10 mm. Both sexes are dark brown with a pale band running the length of the carapace and continuing to the first half of the abdomen. The two short lines on the carapace are diagnostic of Trochosa species.

Similar Species

The light cardiac mark may help to distinguish it from the similar T. terricola, but confirmation of this species requires examination at high magnification in good lighting, typically examination of the genitalia.

Identification difficulty
Recording advice

Confirmation of this species: "Requires examination at high magnification in good lighting, typically examination of the genitalia." Bee, L., Oxford, G., & Smith, H. (2020). Britain's Spiders: A Field Guide. Second Edition. Princeton University Press.

Habitat

Grassland, lawns and woodland scrub.

When to see it

Mainly from April to June

Life History

The spider hunts on the ground and is often caught in pitfall traps.

UK Status

Fairly frequent and widespread in Britain

VC55 Status

Fairly common in Leicestershire and Rutland.

Further Information

4019 British records to Jan 2014

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Leicestershire & Rutland Map

MAP KEY:

Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map