Rustic Wolf Spider - Trochosa ruricola


The females are 15 mm (sometimes even bigger) and the males are 10 mm. Both sexes are dark brown with a pale band running the length of the carapace and continuing to the first half of the abdomen. The two short lines on the carapace are diagnostic of Trochosa species.

Similar Species

The light cardiac mark helps to distinguish it from the similar T. terricola, but confirmation of this species may require examination of the genitalia.

Identification difficulty

for typical specimens with good images

Recording advice

Confirmation of this species: "Requires examination at high magnification in good lighting, typically examination of the genitalia." Bee, L., Oxford, G., & Smith, H. (2020). Britain's Spiders: A Field Guide. Second Edition. Princeton University Press.


Grassland, lawns and woodland scrub.

When to see it

Mainly from April to June

Life History

The spider hunts on the ground and is often caught in pitfall traps.

UK Status

Fairly frequent and widespread in Britain

VC55 Status

Fairly common in Leicestershire and Rutland.

Further Information

4019 British records to Jan 2014

Leicestershire & Rutland Map


Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map

Species profile

Species group:
Records on NatureSpot:
First record:
03/06/1992 (Jon Daws)
Last record:
20/04/2024 (Smith, Peter)

Total records by month

% of records within its species group

10km squares with records

The latest images and records displayed below include those awaiting verification checks so we cannot guarantee that every identification is correct. Once accepted, the record displays a green tick.

In the Latest Records section, click on the header to sort A-Z, and again to sort Z-A. Use the header boxes to filter the list.

Latest images

Latest records