Eastern Crack-willow - Salix euxina

Alternative names
White Welsh Willow, Salix fragilis var. decipiens

This species is what was known as Salix fragilis var. decipiens and is now called Salix euxina according to Stace. Generally a robust twiggy bush 5 to 7 metres high, but occasionally developing to a tree of 10 to 15 metres. It has coarsely fissured grey brown bark, and has brittle twigs like the related Crack Willow. The year old twigs are very distinctive, pale ochre in colour and distinctly lustrous quite unlike those of any other Willow. Fresh unripened shoots are often stained crimson. The leaves are similar to those of Crack Willow, but shorter and broader, up to 9 cm in length and from 2 to 3 cm wide. Usually only male catkins are found in Britain, they are generally less than 3 cm long, and 0.7 cm wide, looking puny and undernourished, yellow, erect on short leafy shoots.

Identification difficulty

Wet habitats.

When to see it

Flowering April and May.

Life History


UK Status

Not common in this country, with only male trees recorded. The status and distribution maps are very unreliable due to name changes and mis-identification.

VC55 Status

Uncommon in Leicestershire and Rutland.

Leicestershire & Rutland Map


Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map