Spiral Extinguisher-moss - Encalypta streptocarpa

Description

This moss forms relatively large, dull, pale green patches. Shoots are typically 1to 2 cm tall, with leaves 4 to7 mm long. The broad, more or less parallel-sided, opaque, very matt leaves narrow abruptly to a blunt, rounded tip, with the nerve ending in, or just below, the tip. Clusters of brown, thread-like propagules often occur in the leaf axils. Capsules are rarely present. They are spirally ribbed, have a peristome, and until maturity are entirely covered by the very large calyptra. This is the commonest species of Encalypta, but the only one in which capsules are rare.

Identification difficulty
Recording advice

Unless identified by a recognised expert, a photo is required and the specimen should be examined with a microscope. In the comments box, state the key or ID method used and describe the size and identifying characters.

Habitat

Mainly a lowland species, it grows on base-rich rock and stone (especially limestone) and mortar in walls. It also occurs in grassland on chalk and limestone.

When to see it

All year round.

UK Status

Widespread and fairly frequent in Britain.

VC55 Status

Status in Leicestershire and Rutland not known.

Leicestershire & Rutland Map

MAP KEY:

Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map

Species profile

Common names
Spiral Extinguisher-moss
Species group:
Mosses & Liverworts
Kingdom:
Plantae
Order:
Encalyptales
Family:
Encalyptaceae
Records on NatureSpot:
1
First record:
06/01/2019 (Gamble, Gavin)
Last record:
06/01/2019 (Gamble, Gavin)

Total records by month

% of records within its species group

10km squares with records

The latest images and records displayed below include those awaiting verification checks so we cannot guarantee that every identification is correct. Once accepted, the record displays a green tick.

In the Latest Records section, click on the header to sort A-Z, and again to sort Z-A. Use the header boxes to filter the list.

Latest images

Latest records