Stigmella crataegella

    Alternative names
    Common Thorn Pigmy

    Wingspan 4 to 5 mm. The adults are narrow-winged with bronzy forewings which have a broad silvery fascia, and are purplish-tinged outside this.

    Identification difficulty

    Areas where Hawthorn is present.

    When to see it

    It has a single generation. The adults are on the wing in May and June.

    Life History

    The larvae mine the leaves of Hawthorn (Crataegus), creating a gallery which begins narrowly with black linear frass. The mine then widens, and the frass is laid in distinct arcs, finally becoming irregular and central near the end. Larvae feed from June till August.

    UK Status

    A common species throughout the British Isles. In the Butterfly Conservation's Microlepidoptera Report 2011 this species was classified as common.

    VC55 Status

    It appears to be uncommon in Leicestershire and Rutland, where there are few records. L&R Moth Group status = D (rare or rarely recorded).

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    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map