Stigmella oxyacanthella

Alternative names
Common Fruit-tree Pigmy

Wingspan 5 to 6 mm. The adults have plain dark forewings with a hint of purple, and an orange head.

Identification difficulty

Adult Leafmine

ID guidance

Leafmine occurs on Hawthorn (and also on Apple and Pear).


In areas where the larval foodplants occur.

When to see it

A single generation species with adults flying in June.

Life History

The larvae mine the leaves of Hawthorn, Apple and one or two other species. The mine is initially narrow with linear frass, but becomes wide with reddish frass in neat arcs. The larva is bright green and feeds in September and October.

UK Status

It is common throughout much of the British Isles. In the Butterfly Conservation's Microlepidoptera Report 2011 this species was classified as common.

VC55 Status

Occasional, though possibly under recorded in Leicestershire and Rutland..

4.026 BF100

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Leicestershire & Rutland Map


Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map