Stigmella oxyacanthella

Alternative names
Fruit-tree Dot
Common Fruit-tree Pigmy

Wingspan 5 to 6 mm. The adults have plain dark forewings with a hint of purple, and an orange head.

Identification difficulty

Adult Leafmine

ID guidance

Leafmine occurs on Hawthorn (and also on Apple, Rowan and Pear).


In areas where the larval foodplants occur.

When to see it

A single generation species with adults flying in June.

Life History

The larvae mine the leaves of Hawthorn, Apple and one or two other species. The mine is initially narrow with linear frass, but becomes wide with reddish frass in neat arcs. The larva is bright green and feeds in September and October.

UK Status

It is common throughout much of the British Isles. In the Butterfly Conservation's Microlepidoptera Report 2011 this species was classified as common.

VC55 Status

Occasional, though possibly under recorded in Leicestershire and Rutland..

4.026 BF100

Leicestershire & Rutland Map


Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map

Species profile

Common names
Common Fruit-tree Pigmy
Species group:
Records on NatureSpot:
First record:
13/10/2015 (Russell, Adrian)
Last record:
09/10/2023 (Timms, Sue)

Total records by month

% of records within its species group

10km squares with records

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