Stigmella oxyacanthella

    Alternative names
    Common Fruit-tree Pigmy

    Wingspan 5 to 6 mm. The adults have plain dark forewings with a hint of purple, and an orange head.

    Identification difficulty

    Adult Leafmine

    ID guidance

    Leafmine occurs on Hawthorn (and also on Apple and Pear).


    In areas where the larval foodplants occur.

    When to see it

    A single generation species with adults flying in June.

    Life History

    The larvae mine the leaves of Hawthorn, Apple and one or two other species. The mine is initially narrow with linear frass, but becomes wide with reddish frass in neat arcs. The larva is bright green and feeds in September and October.

    UK Status

    It is common throughout much of the British Isles. In the Butterfly Conservation's Microlepidoptera Report 2011 this species was classified as common.

    VC55 Status

    It appears to be uncommon in Leicestershire and Rutland, where there are few records. L&R Moth Group status = D (rare or rarely recorded).

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    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map