Vestal Cuckoo Bumblebee - Bombus vestalis


Female length: 20-24 mm Male length: 15-19 mm [12 antennal segments = female /13 = male]. Cuckoo Bumblebees are identified by the lack of pollen baskets on the legs and they usually have tinted wings. Cuckoo bumbles tend to have less dense hair [shiny thorax & abdomen] and their cuticles are thicker to withstand stinging by the host bumbles when they invade a colony.

Similar Species

B. vestalis is very similar to B. bohemicus, though in Leicestershire and Rutland B. vestalis is much more common. They can be separated by the antennal segments (clearly needing a good photo to do so):- if segment 3 equals the length of segment 5 = B. bohemicus; and if 3 is shorter than 5, then it is B. vestalis. B. vestalis parasities Bombus terrestis so closely mimics this species and therefore has a darker yellow band on the thorax, wheras B. bohemicus has a paler yellow band to mimic its host species - Bombus lucorum.

Identification difficulty

Gardens and grasslands.

When to see it

Late March to August.

Life History

Takes over the nest of Bombus terrestris. The female enters the nest and kills the queen, then laying her own eggs to be reared by the Bombus terrestris workers. Mated female cuckoo bees hibernate through the winter and emerge in the spring later than their hosts.

UK Status

Common in central and southern England, fewer records from elsewhere in Britain.

VC55 Status

Common in Leicestershire and Rutland.

Leicestershire & Rutland Map


Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map