White-jawed Yellow-face Bee - Hylaeus confusus


This bee is a very close relative of the scarcer Hylaeus incongruus Förster (formerly misidentified in Britain as H. gibbus (Saunders)) and the females of the two species can be difficult to distinguish apart, although the extent of the yellow facial markings offers the best character for identification. In southern England both species are occasionally found flying together.

Identification difficulty
Recording advice

Unless identified by a recognised expert, a photo is required and the specimen should be examined with a microscope. In the comments box, state the key or ID method used and describe the size and identifying characters.


Mainly associated with open deciduous woodland but it also occurs in bushy places on chalk grassland, heaths, fens and on the coast.

When to see it

Presumed to be univoltine in the British Isles, flying from late May to the end of September.

Life History

Nests in a variety of burrows in dead stems and wood; a female has been seen burrowing in the ground.

UK Status

Widely distributed throughout Britain though rare and sporadic in Scotland. It is a locally common bee in the southern half of Britain.

VC55 Status

Status in Leicestershire and Rutland not known.

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Leicestershire & Rutland Map


Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

UK Map