Willow Redgall Sawfly - Pontania proxima


    Adult Willow Redgall Sawflies are small - approximately 3.5-5 mm long. They are shiny, black and wasp-like. They cause a gall to form on certain species of willow and this gall is more likely to be seen than the adult sawfly. The gall is bean-shaped, starting off green but gradually turning red. It is smooth with a thick wall and protrudes from both the upper and lower leaf surface.

    Similar Species

    Galls of Pontaina proxima, P. bridgmanii and P. triandrae are all very similar - but are found on different host trees.

    Identification difficulty

    Adult Gall

    Recording advice

    If a gall, it is essential to say which tree species it was on.


    Wherever White Willow or Crack Willow grow, usually damp open wooded areas, sometimes hedgerows.

    When to see it

    Adult May to August

    Life History

    The larvae of the Willow Redgall Sawfly are pale green in colour with a dark head. They are small and caterpillar-like, reaching only 5 mm in length. Adults emerge in late spring, and females seek out suitable willows on which to lay eggs. The female inserts an egg into leaf tissue where it hatches and begins to eat the soft leaf tissue. This stimulates the leaf to produce a gall which is bean-shaped, smooth and emerges equally on both sides of the leaf. The gall may be green, red or yellow. A single larva feeds in the cavity of each gall.

    UK Status

    Common and widespread in Britain

    VC55 Status

    Common in Leicestershire and Rutland.

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    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map