Bloody Oaks Quarry

    Managed By
    Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust
    Wild places

    Total species seen at this site: 322

    Description

    This small reserve (1.3 ha) is owned by the Leicestershire and Rutland Trust and is a Site of Special Scientific Interest. The principal habitat is the species-rich limestone grassland, which is rare in the two counties. 

    Also known as Roundstone Hill, this site is mentioned in Wildflowers of Chalk and Limestone by J.E.Lousley  (1950) as an old working of great interest. The quarry site is partly restored and comprises a long disused shallow pit dug into the Upper Lincolnshire oolitic limestone series. Although little is known of its history, it was mentioned as a quarry in 1884 when the first edition of the 25 inch Ordnance Survey map was published.

    Areas of scrub, with mature Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna in addition to more unusual species such as Spindle Euonymus europaeus and Buckthorn Rhamnus carthartica established themselves during the 20th century, but species-rich calcareous grassland also developed. During the 1990s much of the scrub was removed and the grassland was then managed by a combination of mowing and sheep grazing.

    Wildlife Highlights

    Much of the grassland is dominated by Tor-grass Brachypodium pinnatum, but there are also many other species present, including a number of local rarities. These include Pyramidal Orchid Anacamptis pyramidalis, Yellow-wort Blackstonia perfoliata, Clustered Bellflower Campanula glomerata, Carline Thistle Carlina vulgaris, Basil Thyme Clinopodium acinos, Autumn Gentian Gentianella amarella, Meadow Oat-grass Avenula pratensis, Horseshoe Vetch Hippocrepis comosa, Common Gromwell  Lithospermum officinale, Small Scabious Scabiosa columbaria and Mat-grass Fescue Vulpia unilateralis. Chalk Milkwort Polygala calcarea is frequent and occurs here near the northern limit of its range in Britain. Fragrant Orchid Gymnadenia conopsea has only been seen once, in 1959.

    Status

    Nature Reserve (Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust

    Site of Special Scientific Interest


    Group Common name Latin name Last seen
    Bees, Wasps, AntsGrey Mining BeeAndrena cineraria18/04/2017
    Bees, Wasps, AntsTawny Mining BeeAndrena fulva18/04/2017
    Bees, Wasps, AntsEarly Mining BeeAndrena haemorrhoa08/07/2016
    Bees, Wasps, AntsAndrena nigroaenea18/04/2017
    Bees, Wasps, AntsAndrena scotica18/04/2017
    Bees, Wasps, AntsRed-tailed BumblebeeBombus lapidarius08/07/2016
    Bees, Wasps, AntsCommon Carder BumblebeeBombus pascuorum18/04/2017
    Bees, Wasps, AntsEarly BumblebeeBombus pratorum02/07/2015
    Bees, Wasps, AntsHill Cuckoo BeeBombus rupestris08/07/2016
    Bees, Wasps, AntsVestal Cuckoo BumblebeeBombus vestalis08/07/2016
    Bees, Wasps, AntsSmooth Pea Gall WaspDiplolepis eglanteriae/nervosa16/09/2018
    Bees, Wasps, AntsSputnik Gall WaspDiplolepis nervosa24/08/2017
    Bees, Wasps, AntsBedeguar Gall WaspDiplolepis rosae04/08/2018
    Bees, Wasps, AntsYellow Meadow AntLasius flavus04/08/2018
    Bees, Wasps, AntsMelecta albifrons29/05/2016
    Bees, Wasps, AntsMarsham's Nomad BeeNomada marshamella18/04/2017
    Bees, Wasps, AntsTwo-coloured Mason BeeOsmia bicolor29/05/2016
    Bees, Wasps, AntsHornetVespa crabro29/08/2018
    BeetlesAthous bicolor08/07/2016
    BeetlesAthous haemorrhoidalis29/05/2016
    BeetlesCantharis rustica29/05/2016
    BeetlesChrysolina sturmi06/05/2013
    Beetles7 Spot LadybirdCoccinella septempunctata15/09/2018
    BeetlesCryptocephalus aureolus29/05/2016
    BeetlesCryptocephalus moraei02/07/2015
    BeetlesOrchid BeetleDascillus cervinus07/06/2018
    BeetlesHarlequin LadybirdHarmonia axyridis08/11/2018
    BeetlesWelsh ChaferHoplia philanthus02/07/2015
    BeetlesLoricera pilicornis08/07/2016
    BeetlesCommon Malachite BeetleMalachius bipustulatus02/07/2015