Enoplognatha latimana

    Description

    Male: 3 to 5 mm, female 4 to 6 mm. Prosoma light yellow, with narrow, black margin and dark median stripe. Sternum light yellow, with black margin and median stripe. Legs bright, almost white. Tibia usually (always?) without black terminal ring. Opisthosoma bright, whitish, dorsally maybe with grey or shiny red pattern and black spots, ventrally with broad, black median stripe.  

    Similar Species

    Enoplognatha latimana appears identical to Enoplognatha ovata and can only be separated from it by examination of the genitalia of mature specimens.  Enoplognatha ovata is nationally common and where the two species occur together, E. ovata typically outnumbers E. latimana by approximately 10:1. 

    Identification difficulty
    ID guidance
    • Conductor of male palp with slightly spirally twisted tip.
    • Female epigyne strongly sclerotised laterally on posterior margin.
    Recording advice

    Unless identified by a recognised expert, a photo is required and the specimen should be examined with a microscope.  Confirmation of this species requires examination of the genitalia of mature specimens.

    Habitat

    Sunny, open grassland.

    When to see it

    Spring to Autumn.

    Life History

    A strictly annual species, young specimens overwinter in low vegetation to breed the following year. 

    UK Status

    The species was described in 1982 it was originally found in heathland and coastal sites in the South East and in South Wales. However, it appears to be expanding its range North-Westwards. 

    VC55 Status

    Currently rare or rarely recoded in our area, but may be increasing. 

    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map