Pinus nigra

    Alternative names
    Black Pine, Austrian Pine, Corsican Pine

    Pinus nigra is a large evergreen tree developing an irregular, dense crown with age. Leaves dark green, paired, to 18cm in length. Cones ovoid, pale brown when mature. There are several different subspecies including Corsican Pine (Pinus nigra subsp. laricio) and Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra subsp. nigra)

    Similar Species

    Pinus sylvestris; several ornamental species of Pine are planted in parks and gardens; Lodgepole Pine (P contorta) sometimes in forestry plantations

    Identification difficulty
    ID guidance

    Leaves in pairs, not glaucous, mostly >10cm; female cones 3-9cm with small blunt points at apex; trunk dark grey

    Recording advice

    Photo of shoot and needles; cones; whole tree


    Usually found in plantations or as ornamental trees in parks and gardens.

    When to see it

    All year round.

    Life History


    UK Status

    Widespread and fairly frequent in Britain.

    VC55 Status

    Locally frequent in Leicestershire and Rutland. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in 59 of the 617 tetrads.

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    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    MAP KEY:

    Yellow squares = NBN records (all known data)
    Coloured circles = NatureSpot records: 2020+ | 2015-2019 | pre-2015

    UK Map