Witherley Mill

    Selected Wild Place / Other Wild Places / Public Rights of Way / VC55 boundary

    Getting There

    Access is from Mill Lane in the centre of Witherley village.

    Status

    Permissive access (Defra farm conservation scheme)

    Wild places

    Total species seen at this site: 134

    Description

    This large semi-improved grassland field borders the River Anker along the west and is the site of the former Witherley Mill. The remnant mill race bisects the centre of the site, providing a mainly marshy habitat with some areas of shallow standing water. A large pond lies to the north of the site. The field is used for grazing cattle and has a few scattered shrubs around the site, mainly Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna and Holly Ilex ilicis. A few standard trees have been planted within fenced cages to prevent cattle access. The whole field is open access as part of a Stewardship agreement with DEFRA.

    Wildlife Highlights

    The grassland was a varied mixture of Perrenial Rye-grass Lolium perenne, Yorkshire Fog Holcus lanatus, Meadow Foxtail Alopecurus pratensis, Timothy Phleum pratense, Creeping Bent Agrostis stolonifera with some Crested Dog’s-tail Cynosurus cristatus. Wildflowers include White Clover Trifolium repens, Yarrow  Achillea millefolium and Creeping Buttercup Ranunculus repens, with a few specimens of Meadow Buttercup Ranunculus acris.

    The old mill race and pond add significantly to the biodiversity interest and support a good range of wetland plants, including Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria, Fool’s Water-cress Apium nodiflorum, Water Forget-me-not Myosotis scorpioides, Celery-leaved Buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus and Water Figwort Scrophularia auriculata.

    The river edge adds further interest and supports species such as Reed Canary-grass Phalaris arundinacea, Common Club-rush Schoenoplectus lacustris and Unbranched Bur-reed Sparganium emersum.

    A good diversity of invertebrates are found here, particularly around the wetland areas. These include Azure Damselfy Coenagrion puella, Blue-tailed Damselfy Ischnura elegans, Banded Demoiselle Calopteryx splendens, Ruddy Darter Sympetrum sanguineum, Green Leaf-hopper Cicadella viridis, Common Field Grasshopper Chorthippus brunneus and Small Skipper Butterfly Thymelicus sylvestris.

     

    The records and images below may include those from adjacent sites if the grid reference submitted with these records overlaps the boundary of this Wild Place.

    Latest records
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    Common Name Latin Name Date Recorded Recorded By
    Banded DemoiselleCalopteryx splendens11/06/2021Melinda Bell
    Celery-leaved ButtercupRanunculus sceleratus11/06/2021Melinda Bell
    CuckooflowerCardamine pratensis11/06/2021Melinda Bell
    BrooklimeVeronica beccabunga11/06/2021Melinda Bell
    Pink Water-SpeedwellVeronica catenata11/06/2021Melinda Bell
    Yellow Water-lilyNuphar lutea11/06/2021Melinda Bell
    Common Club-rushSchoenoplectus lacustris11/06/2021Melinda Bell
    Pemphigus spyrothecae11/06/2021Melinda Bell
    Oil-seed RapeBrassica napus subsp. oleifera06/05/2020David Nicholls
    Welted ThistleCarduus crispus06/05/2020David Nicholls
    Water DockRumex hydrolapathum06/05/2020David Nicholls
    16 Spot LadybirdTytthaspis sedecimpunctata06/05/2020David Nicholls
    Celery-leaved ButtercupRanunculus sceleratus06/05/2020David Nicholls
    Larinioides cornutus06/05/2020David Nicholls
    Yellow Water-lilyNuphar lutea06/05/2020David Nicholls
    Common Soft-bromeBromus hordeaceus subsp. hordeaceus06/05/2020David Nicholls
    Fever-flyDilophus febrilis06/05/2020David Nicholls
    Hedge MustardSisymbrium officinale18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Greater PlantainPlantago major18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Common NettleUrtica dioica18/07/2019David Nicholls
    PineappleweedMatricaria discoidea18/07/2019David Nicholls
    KnotgrassPolygonum aviculare18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Shepherd's-purseCapsella bursa-pastoris18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Perennial Rye-grassLolium perenne18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Dandelion agg.Taraxacum officinale agg.18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Wall BarleyHordeum murinum18/07/2019David Nicholls
    White CloverTrifolium repens18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Creeping ThistleCirsium arvense18/07/2019David Nicholls
    TimothyPhleum pratense18/07/2019David Nicholls
    HawthornCrataegus monogyna18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Meadow FoxtailAlopecurus pratensis18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Meadow ButtercupRanunculus acris18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Creeping ButtercupRanunculus repens18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Small WhitePieris rapae18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Meadow BrownManiola jurtina18/07/2019David Nicholls
    YarrowAchillea millefolium18/07/2019David Nicholls
    HollyIlex aquifolium18/07/2019David Nicholls
    ElderSambucus nigra18/07/2019David Nicholls
    MagpiePica pica18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Cut-leaved Crane's-billGeranium dissectum18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Marmalade HoverflyEpisyrphus balteatus18/07/2019David Nicholls
    SwallowHirundo rustica18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Yorkshire-fogHolcus lanatus18/07/2019David Nicholls
    BuzzardButeo buteo18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Dog-roseRosa canina18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Cock's-footDactylis glomerata18/07/2019David Nicholls
    AshFraxinus excelsior18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Common RagwortJacobaea vulgaris18/07/2019David Nicholls
    Amphibious BistortPersicaria amphibia18/07/2019David Nicholls

    Group Common name Latin name Last seen
    AmphibiansCommon FrogRana temporaria18/07/2019
    BeetlesCantharis rustica27/05/2015
    Beetles7 Spot LadybirdCoccinella septempunctata03/05/2017
    BeetlesGreen Dock BeetleGastrophysa viridula23/04/2015
    BeetlesPhratora laticollis23/05/2016
    Beetles14 Spot ladybirdPropylea quattuordecimpunctata03/05/2017
    BeetlesTachinus rufipes23/05/2016
    Beetles16 Spot LadybirdTytthaspis sedecimpunctata06/05/2020
    BirdsSkylarkAlauda arvensis23/04/2015
    BirdsGrey HeronArdea cinerea23/04/2015
    BirdsBuzzardButeo buteo18/07/2019
    BirdsGreat Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major18/07/2019
    BirdsSwallowHirundo rustica18/07/2019
    BirdsMagpiePica pica18/07/2019
    BugsGreen Leaf-hopperCicadella viridis18/07/2019
    BugsPemphigus spyrothecae11/06/2021
    ButterfliesPeacockAglais io23/04/2015
    ButterfliesSmall TortoiseshellAglais urticae18/07/2019
    ButterfliesMeadow BrownManiola jurtina18/07/2019
    ButterfliesLarge SkipperOchlodes sylvanus15/07/2015
    ButterfliesSmall WhitePieris rapae18/07/2019
    ButterfliesCommaPolygonia c-album15/07/2015
    ButterfliesGatekeeperPyronia tithonus18/07/2019
    ButterfliesSmall SkipperThymelicus sylvestris18/07/2019
    Craneflies, Gnats & MidgesFever-flyDilophus febrilis06/05/2020
    Craneflies, Gnats & MidgesPtychoptera albimana23/04/2015
    Craneflies, Gnats & MidgesPtychoptera contaminata03/05/2017
    Dragonflies and DamselfliesBanded DemoiselleCalopteryx splendens18/07/2019
    Dragonflies and DamselfliesAzure DamselflyCoenagrion puella18/07/2019
    Dragonflies and DamselfliesBlue-tailed DamselflyIschnura elegans18/07/2019
    Dragonflies and DamselfliesLarge Red DamselflyPyrrhosoma nymphula18/06/2015
    Dragonflies and DamselfliesRuddy DarterSympetrum sanguineum18/07/2019
    FliesNoon FlyMesembrina meridiana03/05/2017
    FliesTachina fera27/05/2015
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesCommon BentAgrostis capillaris01/08/2015
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesMarsh FoxtailAlopecurus geniculatus27/05/2015
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesMeadow FoxtailAlopecurus pratensis18/07/2019
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesCommon Soft-bromeBromus hordeaceus subsp. hordeaceus23/05/2016
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesHairy SedgeCarex hirta27/05/2015
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesCrested Dog's-tailCynosurus cristatus18/07/2019
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesCock's-footDactylis glomerata18/07/2019
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesRed FescueFestuca rubra27/05/2015
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesFloating Sweet-grassGlyceria fluitans18/06/2015
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesPlicate Sweet-grassGlyceria notata27/05/2015
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesYorkshire-fogHolcus lanatus18/07/2019
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesWall BarleyHordeum murinum18/07/2019
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesSoft-rushJuncus effusus15/07/2015
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesHard RushJuncus inflexus15/07/2015
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesPerennial Rye-grassLolium perenne18/07/2019
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesReed Canary-grassPhalaris arundinacea18/07/2019
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesSmaller Cat's-tailPhleum bertolonii15/07/2015
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesTimothyPhleum pratense18/07/2019
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesCommon Club-rushSchoenoplectus lacustris18/07/2019
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesUnbranched Bur-reedSparganium emersum18/07/2019
    Grasses, Rushes & SedgesBulrushTypha latifolia15/07/2015
    Grasshoppers & CricketsCommon Field GrasshopperChorthippus brunneus18/07/2019
    HoverfliesMarmalade HoverflyEpisyrphus balteatus18/07/2019
    HoverfliesThe FootballerHelophilus pendulus18/07/2019
    Lacewings & ScorpionfliesSialis fuliginosa23/05/2016
    Lacewings & ScorpionfliesAlder FlySialis lutaria03/05/2017
    LichensLecanora chlarotera18/07/2019
    LichensChewing Gum LichenLecanora muralis18/07/2019
    LichensLecidella elaeochroma18/07/2019
    LichensPhyscia adscendens18/07/2019
    LichensPhyscia caesia18/07/2019
    LichensXanthoria parietina18/07/2019
    MammalsMoleTalpa europaea18/07/2019
    MothsNettle-tapAnthophila fabriciana27/05/2015
    MothsSilver YAutographa gamma18/06/2015
    MothsSmall China-markCataclysta lemnata27/05/2015
    MothsCocksfoot MothGlyphipterix simpliciella27/05/2015
    MothsFlame CarpetXanthorhoe designata23/04/2015
    SawfliesSelandria serva18/07/2019
    Slugs & SnailsAmber SnailSuccinea putris18/07/2019
    SpidersLarinioides cornutus06/05/2020
    SpidersPardosa amentata23/04/2015
    SpidersNursery Web SpiderPisaura mirabilis23/04/2015
    Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersSilver BirchBetula pendula27/05/2015
    Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersHazelCorylus avellana27/05/2015
    Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersHawthornCrataegus monogyna18/07/2019
    Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersAshFraxinus excelsior18/07/2019
    Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersHollyIlex aquifolium18/07/2019
    Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersDog-roseRosa canina18/07/2019
    Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersOsierSalix viminalis27/05/2015
    Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersElderSambucus nigra18/07/2019
    WildflowersYarrowAchillea millefolium18/07/2019
    WildflowersCommon Water-plantainAlisma plantago-aquatica15/07/2015
    WildflowersOil-seed RapeBrassica napus subsp. oleifera06/05/2020
    WildflowersShepherd's-purseCapsella bursa-pastoris18/07/2019
    WildflowersWavy Bitter-cressCardamine flexuosa27/05/2015
    WildflowersCuckooflowerCardamine pratensis11/06/2021
    WildflowersWelted ThistleCarduus crispus06/05/2020
    WildflowersCommon Mouse-earCerastium fontanum18/07/2019
    WildflowersCreeping ThistleCirsium arvense18/07/2019
    WildflowersSpear ThistleCirsium vulgare18/07/2019
    WildflowersWild TeaselDipsacus fullonum18/07/2019
    WildflowersMeadowsweetFilipendula ulmaria18/07/2019
    WildflowersCut-leaved Crane's-billGeranium dissectum18/07/2019
    WildflowersFool's Water-cressHelosciadium nodiflorum18/07/2019
    WildflowersGiant HogweedHeracleum mantegazzianum15/07/2015
    WildflowersIndian BalsamImpatiens glandulifera18/06/2015
    WildflowersYellow IrisIris pseudacorus18/06/2015
    WildflowersCommon RagwortJacobaea vulgaris18/07/2019
    WildflowersCommon DuckweedLemna minor23/04/2015
    WildflowersGypsywortLycopus europaeus18/07/2019
    WildflowersPurple-loosestrifeLythrum salicaria18/07/2019
    WildflowersPineappleweedMatricaria discoidea18/07/2019
    WildflowersTufted Forget-me-notMyosotis laxa27/05/2015
    WildflowersWater Forget-me-notMyosotis scorpioides18/06/2015
    WildflowersYellow Water-lilyNuphar lutea06/05/2020
    WildflowersAmphibious BistortPersicaria amphibia18/07/2019
    WildflowersGreater PlantainPlantago major18/07/2019
    WildflowersKnotgrassPolygonum aviculare18/07/2019
    WildflowersSelfhealPrunella vulgaris18/07/2019
    WildflowersMeadow ButtercupRanunculus acris18/07/2019
    WildflowersBulbous ButtercupRanunculus bulbosus23/04/2015
    WildflowersCreeping ButtercupRanunculus repens18/07/2019
    WildflowersCelery-leaved ButtercupRanunculus sceleratus06/05/2020
    WildflowersGreat Yellow-cressRorippa amphibia27/05/2015
    WildflowersCommon SorrelRumex acetosa27/05/2015
    WildflowersClustered DockRumex conglomeratus18/07/2019
    WildflowersWater DockRumex hydrolapathum23/04/2015
    WildflowersArrowheadSagittaria sagittifolia18/07/2019
    WildflowersHedge MustardSisymbrium officinale18/07/2019
    WildflowersBranched Bur-reedSparganium erectum18/06/2015
    WildflowersBog StitchwortStellaria alsine03/05/2017
    WildflowersDandelion agg.Taraxacum officinale agg.18/07/2019
    WildflowersLesser TrefoilTrifolium dubium18/07/2019
    WildflowersRed CloverTrifolium pratense18/07/2019
    WildflowersWhite CloverTrifolium repens18/07/2019
    WildflowersCommon NettleUrtica dioica18/07/2019
    WildflowersWall SpeedwellVeronica arvensis18/07/2019
    WildflowersBrooklimeVeronica beccabunga11/06/2021
    WildflowersPink Water-SpeedwellVeronica catenata11/06/2021