Witherley Mill

Selected Wild Place / Other Wild Places / Public Rights of Way / VC55 boundary

Getting There

Access is from Mill Lane in the centre of Witherley village.

Status

Permissive access (Defra farm conservation scheme)

Wild places

Total species seen at this site:

Description

This large semi-improved grassland field borders the River Anker along the west and is the site of the former Witherley Mill. The remnant mill race bisects the centre of the site, providing a mainly marshy habitat with some areas of shallow standing water. A large pond lies to the north of the site. The field is used for grazing cattle and has a few scattered shrubs around the site, mainly Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna and Holly Ilex ilicis. A few standard trees have been planted within fenced cages to prevent cattle access. The whole field is open access as part of a Stewardship agreement with DEFRA.

Wildlife Highlights

The grassland was a varied mixture of Perrenial Rye-grass Lolium perenne, Yorkshire Fog Holcus lanatus, Meadow Foxtail Alopecurus pratensis, Timothy Phleum pratense, Creeping Bent Agrostis stolonifera with some Crested Dog’s-tail Cynosurus cristatus. Wildflowers include White Clover Trifolium repens, Yarrow  Achillea millefolium and Creeping Buttercup Ranunculus repens, with a few specimens of Meadow Buttercup Ranunculus acris.

The old mill race and pond add significantly to the biodiversity interest and support a good range of wetland plants, including Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria, Fool’s Water-cress Apium nodiflorum, Water Forget-me-not Myosotis scorpioides, Celery-leaved Buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus and Water Figwort Scrophularia auriculata.

The river edge adds further interest and supports species such as Reed Canary-grass Phalaris arundinacea, Common Club-rush Schoenoplectus lacustris and Unbranched Bur-reed Sparganium emersum.

A good diversity of invertebrates are found here, particularly around the wetland areas. These include Azure Damselfy Coenagrion puella, Blue-tailed Damselfy Ischnura elegans, Banded Demoiselle Calopteryx splendens, Ruddy Darter Sympetrum sanguineum, Green Leaf-hopper Cicadella viridis, Common Field Grasshopper Chorthippus brunneus and Small Skipper Butterfly Thymelicus sylvestris.


Group Common name Latin name Last seen
AmphibiansCommon FrogRana temporaria18/07/2019
BeetlesCantharis rustica27/05/2015
Beetles7 Spot LadybirdCoccinella septempunctata03/05/2017
BeetlesGreen Dock BeetleGastrophysa viridula23/04/2015
BeetlesPhratora laticollis23/05/2016
Beetles14 Spot ladybirdPropylea quattuordecimpunctata03/05/2017
BeetlesTachinus rufipes23/05/2016
Beetles16 Spot LadybirdTytthaspis sedecimpunctata06/05/2020
BirdsSkylarkAlauda arvensis23/04/2015
BirdsGrey HeronArdea cinerea23/04/2015
BirdsBuzzardButeo buteo18/07/2019
BirdsGreat Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major18/07/2019
BirdsSwallowHirundo rustica18/07/2019
BirdsMagpiePica pica18/07/2019
BugsGreen Leaf-hopperCicadella viridis18/07/2019
BugsPemphigus spyrothecae11/06/2021
ButterfliesPeacockAglais io23/04/2015
ButterfliesSmall TortoiseshellAglais urticae23/04/2015
ButterfliesMeadow BrownManiola jurtina18/07/2019
ButterfliesLarge SkipperOchlodes sylvanus15/07/2015
ButterfliesSmall WhitePieris rapae18/07/2019
ButterfliesCommaPolygonia c-album15/07/2015
ButterfliesGatekeeperPyronia tithonus18/07/2019
ButterfliesSmall SkipperThymelicus sylvestris18/07/2019
Craneflies, Gnats & MidgesFever-flyDilophus febrilis06/05/2020
Craneflies, Gnats & MidgesPtychoptera albimana23/04/2015
Craneflies, Gnats & MidgesPtychoptera contaminata03/05/2017
Dragonflies and DamselfliesBanded DemoiselleCalopteryx splendens11/06/2021
Dragonflies and DamselfliesAzure DamselflyCoenagrion puella18/07/2019
Dragonflies and DamselfliesBlue-tailed DamselflyIschnura elegans18/07/2019
Dragonflies and DamselfliesLarge Red DamselflyPyrrhosoma nymphula18/06/2015
Dragonflies and DamselfliesRuddy DarterSympetrum sanguineum18/07/2019
FliesNoon FlyMesembrina meridiana03/05/2017
FliesTachina fera27/05/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesCommon BentAgrostis capillaris01/08/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesMarsh FoxtailAlopecurus geniculatus27/05/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesMeadow FoxtailAlopecurus pratensis23/04/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesCommon Soft-bromeBromus hordeaceus subsp. hordeaceus06/05/2020
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesHairy SedgeCarex hirta27/05/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesCrested Dog's-tailCynosurus cristatus18/07/2019
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesCock's-footDactylis glomerata18/07/2019
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesRed FescueFestuca rubra27/05/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesFloating Sweet-grassGlyceria fluitans18/06/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesPlicate Sweet-grassGlyceria notata27/05/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesYorkshire-fogHolcus lanatus18/07/2019
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesWall BarleyHordeum murinum18/07/2019
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesSoft-rushJuncus effusus15/07/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesHard RushJuncus inflexus15/07/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesPerennial Rye-grassLolium perenne18/07/2019
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesReed Canary-grassPhalaris arundinacea18/07/2019
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesSmaller Cat's-tailPhleum bertolonii15/07/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesTimothyPhleum pratense18/07/2019
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesCommon Club-rushSchoenoplectus lacustris27/05/2015
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesUnbranched Bur-reedSparganium emersum18/07/2019
Grasses, Rushes & SedgesBulrushTypha latifolia15/07/2015
Grasshoppers & CricketsCommon Field GrasshopperChorthippus brunneus18/07/2019
HoverfliesMarmalade HoverflyEpisyrphus balteatus18/07/2019
HoverfliesThe FootballerHelophilus pendulus18/07/2019
Lacewings & ScorpionfliesSialis fuliginosa23/05/2016
Lacewings & ScorpionfliesAlder FlySialis lutaria03/05/2017
LichensLecanora chlarotera18/07/2019
LichensChewing Gum LichenLecanora muralis18/07/2019
LichensLecidella elaeochroma18/07/2019
LichensPhyscia adscendens18/07/2019
LichensPhyscia caesia18/07/2019
LichensXanthoria parietina18/07/2019
MammalsMoleTalpa europaea23/05/2016
MothsNettle-tapAnthophila fabriciana27/05/2015
MothsSilver YAutographa gamma18/06/2015
MothsSmall China-markCataclysta lemnata27/05/2015
MothsCocksfoot MothGlyphipterix simpliciella27/05/2015
MothsFlame CarpetXanthorhoe designata23/04/2015
SawfliesSelandria serva18/07/2019
Slugs & SnailsAmber SnailSuccinea putris18/07/2019
SpidersLarinioides cornutus06/05/2020
SpidersPardosa amentata23/04/2015
SpidersNursery Web SpiderPisaura mirabilis23/04/2015
Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersSilver BirchBetula pendula27/05/2015
Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersHazelCorylus avellana27/05/2015
Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersHawthornCrataegus monogyna18/07/2019
Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersAshFraxinus excelsior18/07/2019
Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersHollyIlex aquifolium18/07/2019
Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersDog-roseRosa canina18/07/2019
Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersOsierSalix viminalis15/07/2015
Trees, Shrubs & ClimbersElderSambucus nigra18/07/2019
WildflowersYarrowAchillea millefolium18/07/2019
WildflowersCommon Water-plantainAlisma plantago-aquatica15/07/2015
WildflowersOil-seed RapeBrassica napus subsp. oleifera06/05/2020
WildflowersShepherd's-purseCapsella bursa-pastoris18/07/2019
WildflowersWavy Bitter-cressCardamine flexuosa27/05/2015
WildflowersCuckooflowerCardamine pratensis27/05/2015
WildflowersWelted ThistleCarduus crispus06/05/2020
WildflowersCommon Mouse-earCerastium fontanum18/07/2019
WildflowersCreeping ThistleCirsium arvense18/07/2019
WildflowersSpear ThistleCirsium vulgare18/07/2019
WildflowersWild TeaselDipsacus fullonum18/07/2019
WildflowersMeadowsweetFilipendula ulmaria18/07/2019
WildflowersCut-leaved Crane's-billGeranium dissectum18/07/2019
WildflowersFool's Water-cressHelosciadium nodiflorum18/07/2019
WildflowersGiant HogweedHeracleum mantegazzianum15/07/2015
WildflowersIndian BalsamImpatiens glandulifera18/06/2015
WildflowersYellow IrisIris pseudacorus18/06/2015
WildflowersCommon RagwortJacobaea vulgaris18/07/2019
WildflowersCommon DuckweedLemna minor23/04/2015
WildflowersGypsywortLycopus europaeus18/07/2019
WildflowersPurple-loosestrifeLythrum salicaria15/07/2015
WildflowersPineappleweedMatricaria discoidea18/07/2019
WildflowersTufted Forget-me-notMyosotis laxa27/05/2015
WildflowersWater Forget-me-notMyosotis scorpioides18/06/2015
WildflowersYellow Water-lilyNuphar lutea11/06/2021
WildflowersAmphibious BistortPersicaria amphibia18/07/2019
WildflowersGreater PlantainPlantago major18/07/2019
WildflowersKnotgrassPolygonum aviculare18/07/2019
WildflowersSelfhealPrunella vulgaris18/07/2019
WildflowersMeadow ButtercupRanunculus acris18/07/2019
WildflowersBulbous ButtercupRanunculus bulbosus23/04/2015
WildflowersCreeping ButtercupRanunculus repens18/07/2019
WildflowersCelery-leaved ButtercupRanunculus sceleratus11/06/2021
WildflowersGreat Yellow-cressRorippa amphibia18/06/2015
WildflowersCommon SorrelRumex acetosa27/05/2015
WildflowersClustered DockRumex conglomeratus18/07/2019
WildflowersWater DockRumex hydrolapathum23/04/2015
WildflowersArrowheadSagittaria sagittifolia18/07/2019
WildflowersHedge MustardSisymbrium officinale18/07/2019
WildflowersBranched Bur-reedSparganium erectum18/06/2015
WildflowersBog StitchwortStellaria alsine03/05/2017
WildflowersDandelion agg.Taraxacum officinale agg.18/07/2019
WildflowersLesser TrefoilTrifolium dubium18/07/2019
WildflowersRed CloverTrifolium pratense18/07/2019
WildflowersWhite CloverTrifolium repens18/07/2019
WildflowersCommon NettleUrtica dioica18/07/2019
WildflowersWall SpeedwellVeronica arvensis18/07/2019
WildflowersBrooklimeVeronica beccabunga11/06/2021
WildflowersPink Water-SpeedwellVeronica catenata11/06/2021